Apes Apart: Chromosome Evolution in Gibbons
with Lucia Carbone, PhD, assistant professor, Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, OHSU and assistant scientist, Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center
The small apes (or gibbons) are primates living in South East Asia and currently threatened by extinction. They have many distinctive traits separating them from their cousins, the great apes (orang, gorilla and chimp), including the ability to move just using their arms (i.e. brachiation), pair bonding, and vocalization to defend their territory. More importantly, gibbons experienced “reshuffling” in their genome after they separated from the hominoid common ancestor. Dr. Carbone has been studying the gibbon genome in order to learn about chromosome evolution and genome instability. Moreover, she is currently leading the gibbon genome project: an international collaboration to sequence and annotate the gibbon genome. Her talk will go over the latest findings and highlight a fascinating connection between processes in evolution and human disease.
Lucia Carbone is an Assistant Professor in the Behavioral Neuroscience Department at Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and has a joint appointment as an Assistant Scientist in the Division of Neuroscience at the Oregon National Primate Research Center (ONPRC). She received a M.S. in Biology in 2001 and a Ph.D. in Genetics and Molecular Evolution in 2004 from the University of Bari, Italy. She was a Postdoctoral Fellow and an Assistant Staff Scientist at the Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) from 2005-2010. Her postdoctoral research focused on the karyotype evolution in gibbon species (Hylobatidae) in order to uncover factors contributing to genome instability in primates. She is currently leading the International Consortium for the Sequencing and Annotation of the gibbon genome.
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